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20190116更新Fedora22(w3)的Linux核心(因採non-retpoline compiler未成)
2019/01/16,07:47

(1)機器現況

# uname -a
Linux w3-kmvs-km-edu-tw 4.4.14-200.fc22.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jun 24 21:19:33 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

 

(2)下載核心壓縮檔:

wget https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v4.x/linux-4.20.tar.gz

:

2019-01-16 07:53:04 (784 KB/s) - ‘linux-4.20.tar.gz’ saved [161141903/161141903]

(3)解開核心# tar xvzf linux-4.20.tar.gz

(4)用現有的組態為預設值建立核心組態

# uname -r
4.4.14-200.fc22.x86_64

# cp /boot/config-4.4.14-200.fc22.x86_64 /root/inux-4.20

(5) # make menuconfig

  HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
  UPD     scripts/kconfig/.mconf-cfg
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/mconf.o
  YACC    scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
/bin/sh: bison:命令找不到
scripts/Makefile.lib:196: recipe for target 'scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c' failed
make[1]: *** [scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c] Error 127
Makefile:544: recipe for target 'menuconfig' failed
make: *** [menuconfig] Error 2

(6)# yum install bison

(6b)# make menuconfig
  YACC    scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
  LEX     scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
/bin/sh: flex:命令找不到
scripts/Makefile.lib:188: recipe for target 'scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c' failed
make[1]: *** [scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c] Error 127
Makefile:544: recipe for target 'menuconfig' failed
make: *** [menuconfig] Error 2

(6c)# yum install flex

(6d)# make menuconfig 終於成功

 

(7)# make

You are building kernel with non-retpoline compiler.
Please update your compiler.
arch/x86/Makefile:302: recipe for target 'checkbin' failed
make: *** [checkbin] Error 1
[root@w3-kmvs-km-edu-tw linux-4.20]#

 

仍未成功

(8)#wget http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/software/gcc/releases/gcc-7.4.0/gcc-7.4.0.tar.gz

:

2019-01-18 10:35:46 (635 KB/s) - ‘gcc-7.4.0.tar.gz’ saved [112420370/112420370]

(9)解開

# tar xvzf gcc-7.4.0.tar.gz

#cd /root/gcc-7.4.0

 

(10)安裝說明網頁:http://gcc.gnu.org/install/

(11)下載支援的程式庫並建立符號連結以支持建立GCC

# ./contrib/download_prerequisites

:

gmp-6.1.0.tar.bz2: 正確
mpfr-3.1.4.tar.bz2: 正確
mpc-1.0.3.tar.gz: 正確
isl-0.16.1.tar.bz2: 正確
All prerequisites downloaded successfully.

(12)建立組態失敗:

# cd ..

# mkdir gcc7obj

# cd gcc7obj

#  ../gcc-7.4.0/configure --prefix=$HOME/GCC-7.4.0 --enable-languages=c,c++,fortran,go

:

configure: WARNING: using in-tree isl, disabling version check
*** This configuration is not supported in the following subdirectories:
     gnattools target-libada target-libhsail-rt target-libobjc target-liboffload                                              mic
    (Any other directories should still work fine.)
checking for default BUILD_CONFIG... bootstrap-debug
checking for --enable-vtable-verify... no
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find crt1.o: No such file or directory
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find crti.o: No such file or directory
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lc
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find crtn.o: No such file or directory
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
configure: error: I suspect your system does not have 32-bit development libraries (libc and headers). If you have them, rerun configure with --enable-multilib.

If you do not have them, and want to build a 64-bit-only compiler, rerun configure with --disable-multilib.

(12b)重組態ok:

#  ../gcc-7.4.0/configure --prefix=$HOME/GCC-7.4.0 --enable-languages=c,c++,fortran,go --disable-multilib

:


configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating Makefile

(13) # make

要編譯很久…

(14)

]# ls gcc7obj -lt
總計 1436
drwxr-xr-x 17 root root    4096  1月 18 14:26 x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:21 gotools
drwxr-xr-x  4 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 libcc1
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 fixincludes
-rw-r--r--  1 root root       7  1月 18 14:16 stage_current
-rw-r--r--  1 root root       7  1月 18 14:16 stage_last
-rw-r--r--  1 root root      10  1月 18 14:16 compare
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-zlib
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 zlib
drwxr-xr-x  4 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 libiberty
drwxr-xr-x  4 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-libiberty
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 libdecnumber
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-libdecnumber
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 libcpp
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-libcpp
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 libbacktrace
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-libbacktrace
drwxr-xr-x  7 root root   12288  1月 18 14:16 isl
drwxr-xr-x  7 root root   12288  1月 18 14:16 prev-isl
drwxr-xr-x 15 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 gmp
drwxr-xr-x 15 root root    4096  1月 18 14:16 prev-gmp
drwxr-xr-x 19 root root   32768  1月 18 14:16 gcc
drwxr-xr-x 19 root root   32768  1月 18 14:16 prev-gcc
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 14:00 lto-plugin
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 13:59 mpc
drwxr-xr-x  6 root root    4096  1月 18 13:58 mpfr
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 13:57 intl
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 13:56 prev-x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 12:47 prev-lto-plugin
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 12:42 prev-mpc
drwxr-xr-x  6 root root    4096  1月 18 12:40 prev-mpfr
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:38 prev-intl
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:38 prev-fixincludes
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 12:30 stage1-x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
drwxr-xr-x 19 root root   32768  1月 18 12:30 stage1-gcc
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:22 stage1-libdecnumber
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 12:22 stage1-libcpp
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 12:22 stage1-libbacktrace
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:22 stage1-zlib
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 12:21 build-x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root    4096  1月 18 12:21 stage1-lto-plugin
drwxr-xr-x  4 root root    4096  1月 18 12:21 stage1-libiberty
drwxr-xr-x  7 root root   12288  1月 18 12:21 stage1-isl
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096  1月 18 12:20 stage1-mpc
drwxr-xr-x  6 root root    4096  1月 18 12:20 stage1-mpfr
drwxr-xr-x 15 root root    4096  1月 18 12:20 stage1-gmp
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:19 stage1-intl
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096  1月 18 12:19 stage1-fixincludes
-rw-r--r--  1 root root       7  1月 18 12:19 stage_final
-rw-r--r--  1 root root   26811  1月 18 12:17 config.log
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 1077363  1月 18 12:17 Makefile
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root   35455  1月 18 12:17 config.status
-rw-r--r--  1 root root      13  1月 18 12:17 serdep.tmp
[root@w3-kmvs-km-edu-tw ~]#


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